Frequency of hyponatremia and patients' characters in forces of a military training center in Isfahan
Trauma Monthly: 14 (2); 109-114 Article Type: Research Article
A. Frequency of hyponatremia and patients' characters in forces of a military training center in Isfahan,
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Aims:hyponatremia or low sodium level is a result of water and salt loss and much fluid consumption while activity. This research accomplished to determine the hyponatremia frequency and its characters and risk factors related to hyponatremia patients in forces contributed in a one day maneuver to suggest the strategies of preventing it.
Materials & Methods: This is a cross-sectional study in which 164 militants contributed in a one day maneuver in one of the Isfahan training centers in September 2008 were chosen by head accounting and were investigated by questionnaire and blood test before and after one day maneuver.
Results: The incidence amount of hyponatremia was 17 (%10.3) at the end of maneuver. The characters and risk factors in hyponatremia patients were excess related to body mass index, age, covering amount and fluids consumption. BMI was 24.03±2.1 in hyponatremia patients and 23.25±2.83 in non hyponatremia patients. Frequency of hyponatremia in non natives was %53. Current symptoms were weakness (88.3%), spasm (70.6%), fatigue (59.9%) and headache (58.7%).
Conclusion: To prevent this problem among military forces during activity it is recommended to pay more attention to risk factors and physical activities to be programmed based on regulated activity-rest program and fluids consumption proportioned to the intensity of activity.
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