Survey of Nurses' Acquire and Retain CPR Cognitive Knowledge and ?Psychomotor Skills Following CPR Training
Trauma Monthly: 12 (3); 263-271 Article Type: Research Article
January 1, 2007
January 1, 2007
M. Survey of Nurses' Acquire and Retain CPR Cognitive Knowledge and ?Psychomotor Skills Following CPR Training,
Online ahead of Print
Introduction: The ability to respond quickly and effectively to a cardiac arrest situation rests on nurses being competent in the emergency life-saving procedure of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The aim of this study was to investigate the extent to which nurses' acquire and retain CPR cognitive knowledge and psychomotor skills following CPR training. Materials and Methods: A quasi-experimental time series design was used. CPR knowledge was assessed by a multiple-choice assessment and psychomotor skills were assessed by observing CPR performance on a Resusci manikin in 3 steps (pre-test, , post-test, and re-test). Results: The findings showed an acquisition in nurses’ CPR knowledge and psychomotor performance following a 4 h CPR training programme [mean (STD) of knowledge and psychomotor skills: 17.96(1.74), 24.41(2.17)]. A deterioration in both CPR knowledge and skills was found 10 weeks following CPR training [mean (STD) of knowledge and psychomotor skills: 16.12(2.51), 21.46(4.12)]. However, nurses’ knowledge and skills were improved over their pre-training scores [mean (STD) of knowledge and psychomotor skills: 10.95(2.97), 4.86(4.74)], which clearly indicated a positive retention in CPR cognitive knowledge and psychomotor skills (P value=0.000). Conclusions: The study findings present strong evidence to support the critical role of CPR training in ensuring that nurses progress to competent and confident responders in BLS especially in the event of a cardiac related emergency.
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