A Study of Vaccination Coverage and Immunity to Hepatitis B in Health and Treatment Sector Personnel
Trauma Monthly: 11 (4); 343-352 Article Type: Research Article
January 1, 2007
January 1, 2007
H, et al. A Study of Vaccination Coverage and Immunity to Hepatitis B in Health and Treatment Sector Personnel ,
Online ahead of Print
Objective. To determine vaccination coverage and immunity response to Hepatitis B among health personnel of Baqiyatallah Hospital. Material and Methods. The present study is a descriptive study by method of cross-sectional aiming at specification of situation of personnel regarding their taking action for injection of Hepatitis B, risk factors, and also immunity of personnel under the study. In this research, 429 people have been studied, and after the questionnaires were filled up, the tests (virus markers) were measured by ELISA. Results. The findings reflected that the mean age for the people studied was 36.29 years old, of whom 147 were women and 282 were men, 90.4% were married, 9.6% were single. Considering their occupations, 60% were nurse, most held Bachelor’s diploma. 68% of samples had complete vaccination coverage, 26.4% had incomplete vaccination coverage and only 24 people had not taken action for injection of vaccination. Making excuse (5.6%), inaccessibility of vaccine and irksome, were the most important factors preventing the complete coverage of vaccination by the personnel. More than half of the units at the sectors studied, had suitable response of HBs Ab>100 MIU/L, 29.4% had mean immunity response and only 19.7% had HBs Ab<10 MIU/L. The results of the analysis between risk factors and HBs Ag, only accidental penetration of needle (after being used) into the body (P<0.05) showed significant association. Conclusion. Taking into account the harmful effects of virus of hepatitis B on liver, leading to imposition of high costs of treatment, the coverage of vaccination which has low costs should be completed.
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