Effect of training according to health belief model (HBM) on health believing, knowledge and behavior of patients under CABG
Trauma Monthly: 13 (4); 309-312 Article Type: Research Article
F R. Effect of training according to health belief model (HBM) on health believing, knowledge and behavior of patients under CABG,
Online ahead of Print
AIMS: The goal of this study is evaluation of effects of educational intervention according to the health belief model on health believing, knowledge and self-care behavior of patients under CABG.
METHODS:64 patients under CABG were chosen through purposive non-probabling method in a quasi-experimental study and randomly placed in two control and case groups. After determining the needs through health belief model, educational intervention was done on the case group. Data was gathering by the questionnaire twice (previous and 2 month after the educational intervention). data was analyzed by describing statistic and central indexes tests.
RESULTS:In case group there was significant correlation in enhancing average of perceived severity, benefits of dietary performance, benefits of exercise, knowledge of disease, knowledge of dietary, knowledge of exercise and self-care behavior in exercise and also significant correlation in decreasing average of barrier severity of exercise and barriers of dietary performance. In control group there was only significant correlation in enhancing average of knowledge of disease and knowledge of exercise and decrease in average of barrier severity of exercise.
CONCLUSION:Educational intervention according to HBM leads to enhancing knowledge level, changing in health believing and finally leads to promotion of self-care behaviors in the patients under CABG.
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