Comparing the life quality of coronary artery disease patients after treatment with coronary bypass artery disease and percutaneous coronary intervention
Trauma Monthly: 14 (3); 175-178 Article Type: Research Article
R, Mokhtari Noori
A, Babatabar Darzi
H, et al. Comparing the life quality of coronary artery disease patients after treatment with coronary bypass artery disease and percutaneous coronary intervention,
Online ahead of Print
Aims: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the first cause of death in developed countries and Iran. It is treated by three methods drug, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass surgery (CABS). In addition of physicians’ decision in choosing the treatment method, patients opinion is very important and the advantages of the treatment method are questioned. This study was to compare the advantages of CABS and PCI treatment methods in quality of life after the treatment.
Materials & Methods:In a descriptive-analytical study, 190 CAD patients treated with CABS or PCI were selected by purposed sampling method from the list of one of the Tehran city hospitals. Then, during a structured interview, Nottingham standardized quality of life questionnaire was completed. Data was analyzed by independent T-test and chi square by using SPSS 11 software.
Results: In patients treated with CABS the average score of quality of life was 18.56 ± 3/255 and in the group treated with PCI it was 22.67 ± 2.691. Independent T-test showed a significant difference between these two methods (p<0.05). The quality of life in patients treated with CABS was beeter than the group treated with PCI .
Conclusion: Although treatment with CABS is more difficult and more expensive than PCI, but it provides a better quality of life .
Quality of Life; Coronary Artery Disease; Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery; Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
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