Comparison of effectiveness of acupuncture and oral Piroxicam on pain and daily living activity of mechanical chronic low back pain patients
Trauma Monthly: 14 (4); 243-247 Article Type: Research Article
M T, Shamsoddini
A. Comparison of effectiveness of acupuncture and oral Piroxicam on pain and daily living activity of mechanical chronic low back pain patients,
Online ahead of Print
Aims: The prevalence of low back pain (LBP) is over 84% all life. Mechanical chronic LBP (mechanical CLBP) is the leading cause of LBP that have a multifactorial cause, which includes functional instability, abnormal posture and emotional stress. This study compared acupuncture with oral piroxicam in pain and improvement of daily living activity in mechanical CLBP.
Materials & Methods: In a randomized trial, 52 patients with mechanical CLBP were recruited from physicomedical and rehabilitation clinics and classified into two acupuncture (2 sessions per week) and oral Piroxicam (30 mg/day) treatment groups for 2 weeks. Patients were evaluated for pain intensity (by visual analogue scale) and daily living activity before treatment, after treatment and 4 weeks after treatment.
Results: Average differences of pain between two groups before treatment, after treatment and 4 weeks after treatment were 1.12 ± 0.11, 3.33 ± 0.03 and 3.11 ± 0.24, respectively (p<0.005). Averages of pain in acupuncture group before treatment, after treatment and 4 weeks after treatment were 7.39 ± 0.42, 3.88 ± 0.96 and 3.02 ± 0.53 (p<0.005) and in Piroxicam group were 6.22 ± 0.61, 5.85 ± 0.93 and 4.91 ± 0.28, respectively (p=0.105). The difference of averages of daily living activity was significant between two groups.
Conclusion: Acupuncture is more effective than oral piroxicam in reducing pain intensity and daily living activity improvement of patients with mechanical chronic low back pain.
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