Trauma Monthly

Published by: Kowsar

Management of Sport-Related Fractures: Operative Versus Non-Operative Management

Greg A J Robertson 1 , * , Stuart A Aitken 1 and Alexander M Wood 2
Authors Information
1 Edinburgh Orthopaedic Trauma Unit, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, 51 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh, Scotland EH16 4SA, United Kingdom
2 Orthopaedic Department, Leeds General Infirmary, Great George St, Leeds LS1 3EX, United Kingdom
Article information
  • Trauma Monthly: July 2018, 23 (4); e21485
  • Published Online: August 1, 2017
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: November 27, 2016
  • Revised: February 25, 2017
  • Accepted: April 15, 2017
  • DOI: 10.5812/traumamon.21485

To Cite: Robertson G A J, Aitken S A, Wood A M. Management of Sport-Related Fractures: Operative Versus Non-Operative Management, Trauma Mon. 2018 ; 23(4):e21485. doi: 10.5812/traumamon.21485.

Copyright © 2017, Trauma Monthly. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Swenson DM, Henke NM, Collins CL, Fields SK, Comstock RD. Epidemiology of United States high school sports-related fractures, 2008-09 to 2010-11. Am J Sports Med. 2012;40(9):2078-84. doi: 10.1177/0363546512453304. [PubMed: 22837429].
  • 2. Garraway M, Macleod D. Epidemiology of rugby football injuries. Lancet. 1995;345(8963):1485-7. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(95)91040-9. [PubMed: 7769905].
  • 3. Robertson GA, Wood AM, Bakker-Dyos J, Aitken SA, Keenan AC, Court-Brown CM. The epidemiology, morbidity, and outcome of soccer-related fractures in a standard population. Am J Sports Med. 2012;40(8):1851-7. doi: 10.1177/0363546512448318. [PubMed: 22610519].
  • 4. Robertson GA, Wood AM, Heil K, Aitken SA, Court-Brown CM. The epidemiology, morbidity and outcome of fractures in rugby union from a standard population. Injury. 2014;45(4):677-83. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2013.06.006. [PubMed: 23830199].
  • 5. Robertson GA, Wood AM, Aitken SA, Court Brown C. Epidemiology, management, and outcome of sport-related ankle fractures in a standard UK population. Foot Ankle Int. 2014;35(11):1143-52. doi: 10.1177/1071100714546548. [PubMed: 25092880].
  • 6. Ansari U, Adie S, Harris IA, Naylor JM. Practice variation in common fracture presentations: a survey of orthopaedic surgeons. Injury. 2011;42(4):403-7. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2010.11.011. [PubMed: 21163480].
  • 7. Shaw AD, Gustilo T, Court-Brown CM. Epidemiology and outcome of tibial diaphyseal fractures in footballers. Injury. 1997;28(5-6):365-7. [PubMed: 9764234].
  • 8. Court-Brown CM, McQueen MM, Tornetta PI. Trauma. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2006.
  • 9. Robertson GA, Wood AM. Fractures in sport: Optimising their management and outcome. World J Orthop. 2015;6(11):850-63. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v6.i11.850. [PubMed: 26716081].
  • 10. Robertson GA, Wood AM. Return to Sport After Tibial Shaft Fractures: A Systematic Review. Sports Health. 2016;8(4):324-30. doi: 10.1177/1941738115601425. [PubMed: 27340245].
  • 11. Robertson GA, Wood AM. Return to sport following clavicle fractures: a systematic review. Br Med Bull. 2016;119(1):111-28. doi: 10.1093/bmb/ldw029. [PubMed: 27554280].
  • 12. Roche AJ, Calder JD. Treatment and return to sport following a Jones fracture of the fifth metatarsal: a systematic review. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2013;21(6):1307-15. doi: 10.1007/s00167-012-2138-8. [PubMed: 22956165].
  • 13. McQueen MM, Gelbke MK, Wakefield A, Will EM, Gaebler C. Percutaneous screw fixation versus conservative treatment for fractures of the waist of the scaphoid: a prospective randomised study. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2008;90(1):66-71. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.90B1.19767. [PubMed: 18160502].
  • 14. Mehta M, Strube P, Peters A, Perka C, Hutmacher D, Fratzl P, et al. Influences of age and mechanical stability on volume, microstructure, and mineralization of the fracture callus during bone healing: is osteoclast activity the key to age-related impaired healing? Bone. 2010;47(2):219-28. doi: 10.1016/j.bone.2010.05.029. [PubMed: 20510391].
  • 15. Meyer RJ, Tsahakis PJ, Martin DF, Banks DM, Harrow ME, Kiebzak GM. Age and ovariectomy impair both the normalization of mechanical properties and the accretion of mineral by the fracture callus in rats. J Orthop Res. 2001;19(3):428-35. doi: 10.1016/S0736-0266(00)90034-2. [PubMed: 11398856].
  • 16. Gustilo RB, Anderson JT. Prevention of infection in the treatment of one thousand and twenty-five open fractures of long bones: retrospective and prospective analyses. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1976;58(4):453-8. doi: 10.2106/00004623-197658040-00004. [PubMed: 773941].
  • 17. Chang WR, Kapasi Z, Daisley S, Leach WJ. Tibial shaft fractures in football players. J Orthop Surg Res. 2007;2:11. doi: 10.1186/1749-799X-2-11. [PubMed: 17567522].
  • 18. Hawkins RD, Hulse MA, Wilkinson C, Hodson A, Gibson M. The association football medical research programme: an audit of injuries in professional football. Br J Sports Med. 2001;35(1):43-7. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.35.1.43. [PubMed: 11157461].
  • 19. Woods C, Hawkins R, Hulse M, Hodson A. The Football Association Medical Research Programme: an audit of injuries in professional football: an analysis of ankle sprains. Br J Sports Med. 2003;37(3):233-8. [PubMed: 12782548].
  • 20. Woods C, Hawkins R, Hulse M, Hodson A. The Football Association Medical Research Programme: an audit of injuries in professional football-analysis of preseason injuries. Br J Sports Med. 2002;36(6):436-41. discussion 441. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.36.6.436. [PubMed: 12453838].
  • 21. Woods C, Hawkins RD, Maltby S, Hulse M, Thomas A, Hodson A, et al. The Football Association Medical Research Programme: an audit of injuries in professional football--analysis of hamstring injuries. Br J Sports Med. 2004;38(1):36-41. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2002.002352. [PubMed: 14751943].
  • 22. Walden M, Hagglund M, Ekstrand J. UEFA Champions League study: a prospective study of injuries in professional football during the 2001-2002 season. Br J Sports Med. 2005;39(8):542-6. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2004.014571. [PubMed: 16046340].
  • 23. Junge A, Dvorak J, Graf-Baumann T. Football injuries during the World Cup 2002. Am J Sports Med. 2004;32(1 Suppl):23S-7S. doi: 10.1177/0363546503261246. [PubMed: 14754856].
  • 24. Hon WH, Kock SH. Sports related fractures: A review of 113 cases. J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 2001;9(1):35-8. doi: 10.1177/230949900100900107. [PubMed: 12468841].
  • 25. Rettig AC, Ryan R, Shelbourne KD, McCarroll JR, Johnson FJ, Ahlfeld SK. Metacarpal fractures in the athlete. Am J Sports Med. 1989;17(4):567-72. doi: 10.1177/036354658901700420. [PubMed: 2782541].
  • 26. Henn CM, Wolfe SW. Distal radius fractures in athletes: approaches and treatment considerations. Sports Med Arthrosc. 2014;22(1):29-38. doi: 10.1097/JSA.0000000000000003. [PubMed: 24651288].

Featured Image:

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments