Trauma Monthly

Published by: Kowsar

A Triage Model for Chemical Warfare Casualties

Mohammad Ali Khoshnevis 1 , Yunes Panahi 2 , Mostafa Ghanei 2 , Hojat Borna 2 , Amirhossein Sahebkar 3 and Jafar Aslani 2 , *
Authors Information
1 Faculty of Trauma Research Center and Faculty of Nursing, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences,Tehran, IR Iran
2 Chemical Injuries Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
3 Biotechnology Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IR Iran
Article information
  • Trauma Monthly: August 1, 2015, 20 (3); e16211
  • Published Online: August 1, 2015
  • Article Type: Review Article
  • Received: November 18, 2013
  • Revised: April 19, 2014
  • Accepted: September 23, 2014
  • DOI: 10.5812/traumamon.16211

To Cite: Khoshnevis M A, Panahi Y, Ghanei M, Borna H, Sahebkar A, et al. A Triage Model for Chemical Warfare Casualties, Trauma Mon. 2015 ; 20(3):e16211. doi: 10.5812/traumamon.16211.

Abstract
Copyright © 2015, Trauma Monthly. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Context
2. Evidence Acquisition
3. Results
4. Conclusions
Acknowledgements
Footnotes
References
  • 1. Burris DG, Welling DR, Rich NM. Dominique Jean Larrey and the principles of humanity in warfare. J Am Coll Surg. 2004; 198(5): 831-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Niska RW, Burt CW. Bioterrorism and mass casualty preparedness in hospitals: United States, 2003. Adv Data. 2005; (364): 1-14[PubMed]
  • 3. Jasper E, Miller M, Sweeney B, Berg D, Feuer E, Reganato D. Preparedness of hospitals to respond to a radiological terrorism event as assessed by a full-scale exercise. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2005; -6[PubMed]
  • 4. Treat KN, Williams JM, Furbee PM, Manley WG, Russell FK, Stamper CJ. Hospital preparedness for weapons of mass destruction incidents: an initial assessment. Ann Emerg Med. 2001; 38(5): 562-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Young CF, Persell DJ. Biological, chemical, and nuclear terrorism readiness: major concerns and preparedness of future nurses. Disaster Manag Response. 2004; 2(4): 109-14[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Ali J. Chemical weapons and the Iran‐Iraq war: A case study in noncompliance. The Nonproliferation Review. 2001; 8(1): 43-58[DOI]
  • 7. Cone DC, Koenig KL. Mass casualty triage in the chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear environment. Eur J Emerg Med. 2005; 12(6): 287-302[PubMed]
  • 8. Ganesan K, Raza SK, Vijayaraghavan R. Chemical warfare agents. J Pharm Bioallied Sci. 2010; 2(3): 166-78[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Okumura T, Suzuki K, Fukuda A, Kohama A, Takasu N, Ishimatsu S, et al. The Tokyo subway sarin attack: disaster management, Part 1: Community emergency response. Acad Emerg Med. 1998; 5(6): 613-7[PubMed]
  • 10. Aas P. Future considerations for the medical management of nerve-agent intoxication. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2003; 18(3): 208-16[PubMed]
  • 11. Macintyre AG, Christopher GW, Eitzen EJ, Gum R, Weir S, DeAtley C, et al. Weapons of mass destruction events with contaminated casualties: effective planning for health care facilities. JAMA. 2000; 283(2): 242-9[PubMed]
  • 12. Lerner EB, Schwartz RB, Coule PL, Weinstein ES, Cone DC, Hunt RC, et al. Mass casualty triage: an evaluation of the data and development of a proposed national guideline. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2008; 2 Suppl 1-34[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Start Triage. 2007;
  • 14. Hodgetts TJ, Mackway-Jones K. Major Incident Medical Management and Support: The Practical Approach. 1995;
  • 15. Garner A, Lee A, Harrison K, Schultz CH. Comparative analysis of multiple-casualty incident triage algorithms. Ann Emerg Med. 2001; 38(5): 541-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Sacco WJ, Navin DM, Fiedler KE, Waddell R2, Long WB, Buckman RJ. Precise formulation and evidence-based application of resource-constrained triage. Acad Emerg Med. 2005; 12(8): 759-70[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Benson M, Koenig KL, Schultz CH. Disaster triage: START, then SAVE--a new method of dynamic triage for victims of a catastrophic earthquake. Prehosp Disaster Med. 1996; 11(2): 117-24[PubMed]
  • 18. NATO Handbook on the Medical Aspects of NBC Defensive Operations. 1996; : 44-151
  • 19. Jagminas L, Erdman DP. CBRNE - Evaluation of a Chemical Warfare Victim, Emedicine. 2006;
  • 20. Leikin JB, Thomas RG, Walter FG, Klein R, Meislin HW. A review of nerve agent exposure for the critical care physician. Crit Care Med. 2002; 30(10): 2346-54[DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. Sidell F. Management of Chemical Warfare Agent Casualties: A Handbook for Emergency Medical Services. 1995;
  • 22. Berkman ND, Sheridan SL, Donahue KE, Halpern DJ, Viera A, Crotty K, et al. Articles by Database Search. Bulletin board AHRQ launches health literacy measurement tools. J AHIMA. 2009; 80(3): 12
  • 23. Wiener SW, Hoffman RS. Nerve agents: a comprehensive review. J Intensive Care Med. 2004; 19(1): 22-37[DOI][PubMed]
  • 24. Wattana M, Bey T. Mustard gas or sulfur mustard: an old chemical agent as a new terrorist threat. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2009; 24(1): 19-29[PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:

Author(s):

Article(s):

Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments