Trauma Monthly

Published by: Kowsar

Epidemiology of Craniofacial Injuries in a Tertiary University Hospital in Tehran, 2013-14

Sepehrdad Khalatbari 1 , * , Kamran Aghakhani 1 , Farrokh Taftachi 1 , Azadeh Memarian 1 , Fouroozan Faress 1 , Faranak Hayati 1 , Alireza Behzadi 1 , Azra Soltanmohammadi 1 and Morteza Keyvan 1
Authors Information
1 Department of Forensic Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
Article information
  • Trauma Monthly: May 2017, 22 (3); e33050
  • Published Online: July 18, 2016
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: September 8, 2015
  • Revised: November 1, 2015
  • Accepted: November 9, 2015
  • DOI: 10.5812/traumamon.33050

To Cite: Khalatbari S, Aghakhani K, Taftachi F, Memarian A, Faress F, et al. Epidemiology of Craniofacial Injuries in a Tertiary University Hospital in Tehran, 2013-14, Trauma Mon. 2017 ; 22(3):e33050. doi: 10.5812/traumamon.33050.

Copyright © 2016, Trauma Monthly. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Rasouli MR, Saadat S, Haddadi M, Gooya MM, Afsari M, Rahimi-Movaghar V. Epidemiology of injuries and poisonings in emergency departments in Iran. Public Health. 2011; 125(10): 727-33[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Moharamzad Y, Taghipour H, Firoozabadi NH, Firoozabadi AH, Hashemzadeh M, Mirjalili M, et al. Mortality pattern according to autopsy findings among traffic accident victims in Yazd, Iran. Chinese J Traumatol. 2008; 11(6): 329-34[DOI]
  • 3. Hassan NA, Kelany RS, Emara AM, Amer M. Pattern of craniofacial injuries in patients admitted to Tanta University Hospital--Egypt. J Forensic Leg Med. 2010; 17(1): 26-32[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. MacIsaac ZM, Berhane H, Cray J, Zuckerbraun NS, Losee JE, Grunwaldt LJ. Nonfatal sport-related craniofacial fractures: characteristics, mechanisms, and demographic data in the pediatric population. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2013; 131(6): 1339-47[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Perry M, Morris C. Advanced trauma life support (ATLS) and facial trauma: can one size fit all? Part 2: ATLS, maxillofacial injuries and airway management dilemmas. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008; 37(4): 309-20[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Katzen JT, Jarrahy R, Eby JB, Mathiasen RA, Margulies DR, Shahinian HK. Craniofacial and skull base trauma. J Trauma. 2003; 54(5): 1026-34[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Imahara SD, Hopper RA, Wang J, Rivara FP, Klein MB. Patterns and outcomes of pediatric facial fractures in the United States: a survey of the National Trauma Data Bank. J Am Coll Surg. 2008; 207(5): 710-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Perry M, Dancey A, Mireskandari K, Oakley P, Davies S, Cameron M. Emergency care in facial trauma--a maxillofacial and ophthalmic perspective. Injury. 2005; 36(8): 875-96[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Perry M. Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) and facial trauma: can one size fit all? Part 1: dilemmas in the management of the multiply injured patient with coexisting facial injuries. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008; 37(3): 209-14[DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. Ardekian L, Rosen D, Klein Y, Peled M, Michaelson M, Laufer D. Life-threatening complications and irreversible damage following maxillofacial trauma. Injury. 1998; 29(4): 253-6[PubMed]
  • 11. Pappachan B, Alexander M. Correlating facial fractures and cranial injuries. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2006; 64(7): 1023-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Girotto JA, MacKenzie E, Fowler C, Redett R, Robertson B, Manson PN. Long-term physical impairment and functional outcomes after complex facial fractures. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2001; 108(2): 312-27[PubMed]
  • 13. Ramli R, Rahman NA, Rahman RA, Hussaini HM, Hamid AL. A retrospective study of oral and maxillofacial injuries in Seremban Hospital, Malaysia. Dent Traumatol. 2011; 27(2): 122-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Bruns J, Hauser WA. The epidemiology of traumatic brain injury: a review. Epilepsia. 2003; 44 Suppl 10: 2-10[PubMed]
  • 15. Gassner R, Tuli T, Hachl O, Rudisch A, Ulmer H. Cranio-maxillofacial trauma: a 10 year review of 9,543 cases with 21,067 injuries. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2003; 31(1): 51-61[PubMed]
  • 16. Gassner R, Tuli T, Hachl O, Moreira R, Ulmer H. Craniomaxillofacial trauma in children: a review of 3,385 cases with 6,060 injuries in 10 years. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2004; 62(4): 399-407[PubMed]
  • 17. Abiodun A, Atinuke A, Yvonne O. Computerized tomography assessment of cranial and mid-facial fractures in patients following road traffic accident in South-West Nigeria. Ann Afr Med. 2012; 11(3): 131-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Hogg NJ, Stewart TC, Armstrong JE, Girotti MJ. Epidemiology of maxillofacial injuries at trauma hospitals in Ontario, Canada, between 1992 and 1997. J Trauma. 2000; 49(3): 425-32[PubMed]
  • 19. Parreira JG, Vianna AM, Cardoso GS, Karakhanian WZ, Calil D, Perlingeiro JA, et al. [Severe injuries from falls on the same level]. Rev Assoc Med Bras. 2010; 56(6): 660-4[PubMed]
  • 20. Aghakhani N, Azami M, Jasemi M, Khoshsima M, Eghtedar S, Rahbar N. Epidemiology of traumatic brain injury in urmia, iran. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2013; 15(2): 173-4[DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. Alvi A, Doherty T, Lewen G. Facial fractures and concomitant injuries in trauma patients. Laryngoscope. 2003; 113(1): 102-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 22. Oginni FO, Ugboko VI, Ogundipe O, Adegbehingbe BO. Motorcycle-related maxillofacial injuries among Nigerian intracity road users. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2006; 64(1): 56-62[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Klenk G, Kovacs A. Etiology and patterns of facial fractures in the United Arab Emirates. J Craniofac Surg. 2003; 14(1): 78-84[PubMed]
  • 24. Hashim H, Iqbal S. Motorcycle accident is the main cause of maxillofacial injuries in the Penang Mainland, Malaysia. Dent Traumatol. 2011; 27(1): 19-22[DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. Leles JL, dos Santos EJ, Jorge FD, da Silva ET, Leles CR. Risk factors for maxillofacial injuries in a Brazilian emergency hospital sample. J Appl Oral Sci. 2010; 18(1): 23-9[PubMed]
  • 26. Caroli M, Locatelli M, Campanella R, Balbi S, Martinelli F, Arienta C. Multiple intracranial lesions in head injury. Surg Neurol. 2001; 56(2): 82-8[DOI]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments