Trauma Monthly

Published by: Kowsar

Bacterial Contamination of Ventilators in the Intensive Care Unit

Mohammad Hosein Kalantar Motamedi 1 , Hashem Jarineshin 2 , Shaban Mehrvarz 1 , Zahra Danial 1 , Hamid Reza Rasouli 1 and Ali Rashidi 1 , 3 , *
Authors Information
1 Trauma Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Anesthesiology Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
3 Student Research Committee, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
Article information
  • Trauma Monthly: March 2018, 23 (2); e43738
  • Published Online: February 27, 2017
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: November 7, 2016
  • Revised: December 15, 2016
  • Accepted: February 4, 2017
  • DOI: 10.5812/traumamon.43738

To Cite: Kalantar Motamedi M H, Jarineshin H, Mehrvarz S, Danial Z, Rasouli H R, et al. Bacterial Contamination of Ventilators in the Intensive Care Unit, Trauma Mon. 2018 ; 23(2):e43738. doi: 10.5812/traumamon.43738.

Abstract
Copyright © 2017, Trauma Monthly. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited
1. Background
2. Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion
References
  • 1. Chastre J, Fagon JY. Ventilator-associated pneumonia. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2002;165(7):867-903. doi: 10.1164/ajrccm.165.7.2105078. [PubMed: 11934711].
  • 2. Koulenti D, Rello J. Hospital-acquired pneumonia in the 21st century: a review of existing treatment options and their impact on patient care. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2006;7(12):1555-69. doi: 10.1517/14656566.7.12.1555. [PubMed: 16872259].
  • 3. Bekaert M, Timsit JF, Vansteelandt S, Depuydt P, Vesin A, Garrouste-Orgeas M, et al. Attributable mortality of ventilator-associated pneumonia: a reappraisal using causal analysis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2011;184(10):1133-9. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201105-0867OC. [PubMed: 21852541].
  • 4. Melsen WG, Rovers MM, Groenwold RH, Bergmans DC, Camus C, Bauer TT, et al. Attributable mortality of ventilator-associated pneumonia: a meta-analysis of individual patient data from randomised prevention studies. Lancet Infect Dis. 2013;13(8):665-71. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(13)70081-1. [PubMed: 23622939].
  • 5. Kollef MH, Hamilton CW, Ernst FR. Economic impact of ventilator-associated pneumonia in a large matched cohort. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2012;33(3):250-6. doi: 10.1086/664049. [PubMed: 22314062].
  • 6. Kuti EL, Patel AA, Coleman CI. Impact of inappropriate antibiotic therapy on mortality in patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia and blood stream infection: a meta-analysis. J Crit Care. 2008;23(1):91-100. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrc.2007.08.007. [PubMed: 18359426].
  • 7. Grgurich PE, Hudcova J, Lei Y, Sarwar A, Craven DE. Management and prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia caused by multidrug-resistant pathogens. Expert Rev Respir Med. 2012;6(5):533-55. doi: 10.1586/ers.12.45. [PubMed: 23134248].
  • 8. American Thoracic S, Infectious Diseases Society of A. Guidelines for the management of adults with hospital-acquired, ventilator-associated, and healthcare-associated pneumonia. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2005;171(4):388-416. doi: 10.1164/rccm.200405-644ST. [PubMed: 15699079].
  • 9. World Health Organization . Infection prevention and control of epidemic-and pandemic-prone acute respiratory diseases in health care: WHO interim guidelines. 2007.
  • 10. Koenig SM, Truwit JD. Ventilator-associated pneumonia: diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2006;19(4):637-57. doi: 10.1128/CMR.00051-05. [PubMed: 17041138].
  • 11. Pandit SK, Mehta S, Agarwal SC. Risk of cross-infection from inhalation anaesthetic equipment. Br J Anaesth. 1967;39(11):838-44. doi: 10.1093/bja/39.11.838. [PubMed: 6073474].
  • 12. du Moulin GC, Saubermann AJ. The anesthesia machine and circle system are not likely to be sources of bacterial contamination. Anesthesiology. 1977;47(4):353-8. doi: 10.1097/00000542-197710000-00006. [PubMed: 900543].
  • 13. Ping FC, Oulton JL, Smith JA, Skidmore AG, Jenkins LC. Bacterial filters - are they necessary on anaesthetic machines? Can Anaesth Soc J. 1979;26(5):415-9. doi: 10.1007/BF03006457. [PubMed: 385119].
  • 14. Rasouli H, Rezaee M, Danial Z. Statistics in trauma research. Trauma Mon. 2014;19(2). ee17606. doi: 10.5812/traumamon.17606. [PubMed: 25032152].
  • 15. French CJ, Bellomo R, Buckmaster J. Effect of ventilation equipment on imposed work of breathing. Crit Care Resusc. 2001;3(3):148-52. [PubMed: 16573494].
  • 16. Buckley PM. Increase in resistance of in-line breathing filters in humidified air. Br J Anaesth. 1984;56(6):637-43. doi: 10.1093/bja/56.6.637. [PubMed: 6586196].
  • 17. Haas CF, Weg JG, Kettell CW, Caldwell EJ, Zaccardelli DS, Brown DL. Effects of dense, high-volume, artificial surfactant aerosol on a heated exhalation filter system. Crit Care Med. 1993;21(1):125-30. doi: 10.1097/00003246-199301000-00023. [PubMed: 8420719].
  • 18. Cochs J, Casals P, Villalonga R, Vences A, Irujo J, Suarez M. [Prevention of cross contamination, patient to anesthesia apparatus to patient, using filters]. Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim. 1994;41(6):322-7. [PubMed: 7838999].

Featured Image:

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:

Author(s):

Article(s):

Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments