Trauma Monthly

Published by: Kowsar

Traffic Accidents and Health of the Driver

Azam Saei 1 , 2 , Ali Rahmani 1 , 2 , * , Abbas Ebadi 3 , Hosein Mahmoudi 1 , 2 , Masoud Sirati Nir 2 and Hamid Reza Khankeh 4
Authors Information
1 Trauma Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Faculty of Nursing, Trauma Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Faculty of Nursing, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
4 Division of Social Medicine, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Norrbacka, SE-171 76, Stockholm, Sweden
Article information
  • Trauma Monthly: March 2018, 23 (2); e12963
  • Published Online: January 20, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: May 10, 2017
  • Accepted: September 5, 2017
  • DOI: 10.5812/traumamon.12963

To Cite: Saei A, Rahmani A, Ebadi A, Mahmoudi H, Sirati Nir M, et al. Traffic Accidents and Health of the Driver, Trauma Mon. 2018 ; 23(2):e12963. doi: 10.5812/traumamon.12963.

Copyright © 2018, Trauma Monthly. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Organization WH. Global status report on road safety 2015. 2015.
  • 2. Peden M. World report on road traffic injury prevention. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2004.
  • 3. Leproust S, Lagarde E, Salmi LR. Systematic screening for unsafe driving due to medical conditions: still debatable. BMC Public Health. 2008;8:27. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-8-27. [PubMed: 18215269].
  • 4. Violence WHO, Prevention I, Organization WH. Global status report on road safety 2013: supporting a decade of action. World Health Organization; 2013.
  • 5. Moafian G, Aghabeigi MR, Heydari ST, Hoseinzadeh A, Lankarani KB, Sarikhani Y. An epidemiologic survey of road traffic accidents in Iran: analysis of driver-related factors. Chin J Traumatol. 2013;16(3):140-4. [PubMed: 23735547].
  • 6. Ardalan A, Masoomi G, Goya M, Sarvar M, Haddadi M, Miadfar J. Road traffic injuries: a challenge for Iran's health system. Iran J Publ Health. 2009;38(1):98-101.
  • 7. Karacasu M, Er A. An analysis on distribution of traffic faults in accidents, based on driver's age and gender: Eskisehir case. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2011;20:776-85.
  • 8. Shappell SA, Wiegmann DA. Human Factors Investigation and Analysis of Accidents and Incidents. In: Houck JASJSM, editor. Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences. Waltham: Academic Press; 2013. p. 440-9.
  • 9. Sagberg F. Driver health and crash involvement: a case-control study. Accid Anal Prev. 2006;38(1):28-34. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2005.06.018. [PubMed: 16054104].
  • 10. Classen S, Crizzle AM, Winter SM, Silver W, Eisenschenk S. Evidence-based review on epilepsy and driving. Epilepsy Behav. 2012;23(2):103-12. doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2011.11.015. [PubMed: 22227593].
  • 11. Borowsky A, Shinar D, Oron-Gilad T. Age, skill, and hazard perception in driving. Accid Anal Prev. 2010;42(4):1240-9. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2010.02.001. [PubMed: 20441838].
  • 12. Clarke DD, Ward P, Bartle C, Truman W. Older drivers' road traffic crashes in the UK. Accid Anal Prev. 2010;42(4):1018-24. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2009.12.005. [PubMed: 20441808].
  • 13. Duke J, Guest M, Boggess M. Age-related safety in professional heavy vehicle drivers: a literature review. Accid Anal Prev. 2010;42(2):364-71. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2009.09.026. [PubMed: 20159055].
  • 14. Jayatilleke AU, Nakahara S, Dharmaratne SD, Jayatilleke AC, Poudel KC, Jimba M. Working conditions of bus drivers in the private sector and bus crashes in Kandy district, Sri Lanka: a case-control study. Inj Prev. 2009;15(2):80-6. doi: 10.1136/ip.2008.018937. [PubMed: 19346419].
  • 15. Anderson JE, Govada M, Steffen TK, Thorne CP, Varvarigou V, Kales SN, et al. Obesity is associated with the future risk of heavy truck crashes among newly recruited commercial drivers. Accid Anal Prev. 2012;49:378-84. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2012.02.018. [PubMed: 23036416].
  • 16. Rodenstein D. Sleep apnea: traffic and occupational accidents--individual risks, socioeconomic and legal implications. Respiration. 2009;78(3):241-8. doi: 10.1159/000222811. [PubMed: 19494476].
  • 17. Hilton MF, Staddon Z, Sheridan J, Whiteford HA. The impact of mental health symptoms on heavy goods vehicle drivers' performance. Accid Anal Prev. 2009;41(3):453-61. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2009.01.012. [PubMed: 19393792].
  • 18. Izadi N, Malek M, Aminian O, Saraei M. Medical risk factors of diabetes mellitus among professional drivers. J Diabetes Metab Disord. 2013;12(1):23. doi: 10.1186/2251-6581-12-23. [PubMed: 23725484].
  • 19. Graveling AJ, Frier BM. Driving and diabetes: problems, licensing restrictions and recommendations for safe driving. Clin Diabetes Endocrinol. 2015;1:8. doi: 10.1186/s40842-015-0007-3. [PubMed: 28702227].
  • 20. Roth GA, Forouzanfar MH, Moran AE, Barber R, Nguyen G, Feigin VL, et al. Demographic and epidemiologic drivers of global cardiovascular mortality. N Engl J Med. 2015;372(14):1333-41. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1406656. [PubMed: 25830423].
  • 21. Li G, Brady JE, Chen Q. Drug use and fatal motor vehicle crashes: a case-control study. Accid Anal Prev. 2013;60:205-10. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2013.09.001. [PubMed: 24076302].
  • 22. Meuser TM, Berg-Weger M, Niewoehner PM, Harmon AC, Kuenzie JC, Carr DB, et al. Physician input and licensing of at-risk drivers: a review of all-inclusive medical evaluation forms in the US and Canada. Accid Anal Prev. 2012;46:8-17. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2011.12.009. [PubMed: 22310038].
  • 23. DVLA U. At a Glance Guide to the Current Medical Standards of Fitness to Drive. Swansea: Drivers Medical Group DVLA; 2010.
  • 24. Sadeghniiat-Haghighi K, Moller HJ, Saraei M, Aminian O, Khajeh-Mehrizi A. The Epworth Sleepiness Scale for screening of the drowsy driving: comparison with the maintenance of wakefulness test in an Iranian sample of commercial drivers. Acta Med Iran. 2014;52(2):125-9. [PubMed: 24659070].
  • 25. Ebrahimi MH, Sadeghi M, Dehghani M, Niiat KS. Sleep habits and road traffic accident risk for Iranian occupational drivers. Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2015;28(2):305-12. doi: 10.13075/ijomeh.1896.00360. [PubMed: 26182925].
  • 26. Salmi LR, Leproust S, Helmer C, Lagarde E. Assessing fitness to drive in the elderly and those with medical conditions: guidelines should specify methods and evidence. Injur Prevent. 2014:injuryprev-2013-040972.
  • 27. Aaronson NK, Acquadro C, Alonso J, Apolone G, Bucquet D, Bullinger M, et al. International Quality of Life Assessment (IQOLA) Project. Qual Life Res. 1992;1(5):349-51. [PubMed: 1299467].
  • 28. Stevens JP. Applied multivariate statistics for the social sciences. Routledge; 2012.
  • 29. DeVon HA, Block ME, Moyle-Wright P, Ernst DM, Hayden SJ, Lazzara DJ, et al. A psychometric toolbox for testing validity and reliability. J Nurs Scholarsh. 2007;39(2):155-64. doi: 10.1111/j.1547-5069.2007.00161.x. [PubMed: 17535316].
  • 30. Lynn MR. Determination and quantification of content validity. Nurs Res. 1986;35(6):382-5. [PubMed: 3640358].
  • 31. Gouvier WD, Maxfield MW, Schweitzer JR, Horton CR, Shipp M, Neilson K, et al. Psychometric prediction of driving performance among the disabled. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1989;70(10):745-50. [PubMed: 2529835].
  • 32. Lagarde E, Chastang JF, Lafont S, Coeuret-Pellicer M, Chiron M. Pain and pain treatment were associated with traffic accident involvement in a cohort of middle-aged workers. J Clin Epidemiol. 2005;58(5):524-31. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2004.09.008. [PubMed: 15845340].
  • 33. Yousefzadeh S, Dafchahi MA, Maleksari HM, Moghadam AD, Hemati H, Shabani S. Epidemiology of Injuries and their Causes among Traumatic Patients Admitted into Poursina Hospital, Rasht. J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2007;11(3).
  • 34. Rasouli MR, Nouri M, Zarei MR, Saadat S, Rahimi-Movaghar V. Comparison of road traffic fatalities and injuries in Iran with other countries. Chin J Traumatol. 2008;11(3):131-4.
  • 35. Elvik R. Why some road safety problems are more difficult to solve than others. Accid Anal Prev. 2010;42(4):1089-96. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2009.12.020. [PubMed: 20441817].
  • 36. Roudsari BS, Sharzei K, Zargar M. Sex and age distribution in transport-related injuries in Tehran. Accident Anal Prev. 2004;36(3):391-8.
  • 37. de Winter JC, Dodou D. The Driver Behaviour Questionnaire as a predictor of accidents: a meta-analysis. J Safety Res. 2010;41(6):463-70. doi: 10.1016/j.jsr.2010.10.007. [PubMed: 21134510].
  • 38. Attarchi MS, Dehghan F, Seyedmehdi SM, Mohammadi S. Traffic accidents and related injuries in Iranian professional drivers. J Pub Health. 2012;20(5):499-503.
  • 39. Scott-Parker B, Proffitt C. Validation of the Behaviour of Young Novice Drivers Scale (BYNDS) in a New Zealand young driver population. Accid Anal Prev. 2015;77:62-71. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2015.01.019. [PubMed: 25697670].
  • 40. Bakhtiyari M, Mehmandar MR, Mirbagheri B, Hariri GR, Delpisheh A, Soori H. An epidemiological survey on road traffic crashes in Iran: application of the two logistic regression models. Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2014;21(2):103-9. doi: 10.1080/17457300.2012.762027. [PubMed: 23356677].
  • 41. Sadri G. A Model of Bus Drivers' Diseases: Risk Factors and Bus Accidents. Iran J Med Sci. 2015;27(1):39-41.
  • 42. Sadeghi N, Habibi E. The survey of relation between Musculoskeletal Disorders and Anthropometric Indices in the bus drivers in Isfahan. Iran Occupation Health. 2009;6(1):6-14.
  • 43. Redelmeier DA, Yarnell CJ, Thiruchelvam D, Tibshirani RJ. Physicians' warnings for unfit drivers and the risk of trauma from road crashes. N Engl J Med. 2012;367(13):1228-36. doi: 10.1056/NEJMsa1114310. [PubMed: 23013074].
  • 44. Pepple G, Adio A. Visual function of drivers and its relationship to road traffic accidents in Urban Africa. Springerplus. 2014;3:47. doi: 10.1186/2193-1801-3-47. [PubMed: 24505558].
  • 45. Bernstein IH, Nunnally J. Psychometric theory. New York: McGraw-Hill Oliva, TA, Oliver, RL, & MacMillan, IC (1992) A catastrophe model for developing service satisfaction strategies. J Market. 1994;56:83-95.

Featured Image:

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments