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Trauma Mon. 2013;18(2): 81-75.
doi: 10.5812/traumamon.11700
PMID: 24350158
PMCID: PMC3860670
Scopus id: 84888361612
  Abstract View: 55
  PDF Download: 48

Research Article

Mortality and Morbidity of Fireworks-Related Burns on the Annual Last Wednesday of the Year Festival (Charshanbeh Soori) in Iran: An 11-Year Study

Reza Vaghardoost 1, Yaser Ghavami 1, Behnam Sobouti 2, MohammadReza Mobayen 1 *

1 Burn Research Center, Shahid Motahari Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
2 Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Shahid Motahari Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
*Corresponding author: Mohammad Reza Mobayen, Burn Research Center, Shahid Motahari Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran. Tel.:+98-2188772030, Fax: +98-2188770041, E-mail: Email: mmobayen@ymail.com.

Abstract

Background: Management of firework-related injuries is costly for the patient, society, and government.

Objectives: Evaluating effective factors yielding to such injuries may lead to better management of patients and decreased costs and morbidities.

Patients and Materials: This retrospective cross-sectional study was performed on burn patients referred to Shahid Motahari Burns Hospital on Charshanbeh Soori day festival during the period extending from March 2000 to March 2011 (11 days in an 11-year period). Demographic data, causes of burn injury, severity, and affected body parts were recorded. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16.

Results: There were164 patients in the study with a mean age of 18.34 ± 9.31 years; 87% (145/164) were male. Homemade grenades were the most frequent cause of injury. Hand injury was reported in 56% (92/164) of the cases. Amputation was executed in 7 (4.3%) cases, and 6 (3.7%) patients died due to severe burn injuries and facial damage.

Conclusions: Fireworks- related injuries during Charshanbeh Soori ceremony causes significant morbidities and damage to different body parts (especially upper limbs and face), and some of these injuries will lead to life time disabilities, amputations, and even death. As most of the injured patients are young teenagers and children, special consideration must be taken into account to prevent long term morbidities.Abstract

Keywords: Costs and Cost Analysis, Morbidity, Burns
Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education: Management of firework-related injuries is costly for the patient, society, and government. Evaluating factors resulting in such injuries may lead to better management of patients and decreased costs and morbidities. This study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of burn injuries and related risk factors resulting from the traditional annual Persian festival celebrating the last Wednesday of the year (Charshanbeh Soori).
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Submitted: 21 Apr 2013
Revised: 17 Jun 2013
Accepted: 29 Jun 2013
First published online: 14 Aug 2013
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