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Trauma Mon. 2013;18(2): 75-80.
doi: 10.5812/traumamon.12779
PMID: 24350157
PMCID: PMC3860676
Scopus id: 84888335131
  Abstract View: 59
  PDF Download: 72

Research Article

Behavior of Healthcare Workers After Injuries From Sharp Instruments

Mohsen Adib-Hajbaghery 1 * , MohammadSajjad Lotfi 1

1 Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, IR Iran
Corresponding author: Mohsen Adib-Hajbaghery, Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Ghotb Ravandi Blvd., Kashan, IR Iran. Tel.: +98- 3615550021, Fax: +98-3615556633, E-mail: Email: adib1344@yahoo.com.

Abstract

Background: Injuries with sharps are common occupational hazards for healthcare workers. Such injuries predispose the staff to dangerous infections such as hepatitis B, C and HIV.

Objectives: The present study was conducted to investigate the behaviors of healthcare workers in Kashan healthcare centers after needle sticks and injuries with sharps in 2012.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 298 healthcare workers of medical centers governed by Kashan University of Medical Sciences. A questionnaire was used in this study. The first part included questions about demographic characteristics. The second part of the questionnaire consisted of 16 items related to the sharp instrument injuries. For data analysis, descriptive and analytical statistics (chi-square, ANOVA and Pearson correlation coefficient) SPSS version 16.0 software was used.

Results: From a total of 298 healthcare workers, 114 (38.3%) had a history of injury from needles and sharp instruments in the last six months. Most needle stick and sharp instrument injuries had occurred among the operating room nurses and midwifes; 32.5% of injuries from sharp instruments occurred in the morning shift. Needles were responsible for 46.5% of injuries. The most common actions taken after needle stick injuries were compression (27.2%) and washing the area with soap and water (15.8%). Only 44.6% of the injured personnel pursued follow-up measures after a needle stick or sharp instrument injury.

Conclusions: More than a half of the healthcare workers with needle stick or sharp instrument injury had refused follow-up for various reasons. The authorities should implement education programs along with protocols to be implemented after needle stick injuries or sharps.

Keywords: Needle stick Injuries, Behaviors, Knowledge, Health Personnel

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:

This study showed that more than half of the healthcare staff with sharp instrument injuries refused follow-up care. The authorities and policy makers should implement proper in-service education programs and protocols to help healthcare staff to take appropriate actions after a needle stick or injuries with sharps

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Submitted: 09 Jun 2013
Revised: 03 Jul 2013
Accepted: 15 Jul 2013
First published online: 14 Aug 2013
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