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Trauma Mon. 2013;18(1): 3-7.
doi: 10.5812/traumamon.8322
PMID: 24350141
PMCID: PMC3860649
Scopus id: 84879802817
  Abstract View: 106
  PDF Download: 87

Research Article

Orthopedic Injuries Following the East Azerbaijan Earthquake

Asghar Elmi 1, Jafar Ganjpour Sales 1, Ali Tabrizi 1 * , Jafar Soleimanpour 1, Mohseni MohammadAli 1

1 Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, Shohada Educational Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran
*Corresponding author: Ali Tabrizi, Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, Shohada Educational Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Golshahr Ave., Tabriz, IR Iran. Tel.: +98-9148883851, Fax: +98-4113363846, E-mail: Email: Tabrizia@Tbzmed.ac.ir.

Abstract

Background: Evaluating demographic characteristics, distribution and types of orthopedic injuries following major earthquakes may be helpful in future planning for disasters.

Objectives: This study aimed to analyze data from trauma patients with extremity injury resulting from the earthquakes of East Azerbaijan, Iran.

Patients and Methods: Medical records of 686 patients admitted to Shohada hospital, Trauma Center of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences were reviewed. There were 200 patients with extremity injury assessed. Demographic characteristics and patterns of injuries in these patients were evaluated.

Results: In this study, there were 105 females (52.5%) and 95 males (47.5%), out of which, 6 (3%) patients with associated severe head injuries died. The most common sites of injury were lower extremities (81 patients, 41.5% of total victims) while 32 patients (16%) suffered from both upper and lower extremity injuries. Open Fractures were seen in lower extremities of 26 (13%) patients. Compartment syndrome was observed in 3 (1.5%) patients with lower limb fractures. Also, 42 (21%) patients living in Tabriz were injured while they were running away (falling down the stairs and jumping out of windows).

Conclusions: Extremity injuries especially open fractures of lower limbs account for the majority of hospitalized victims. Compartment syndrome is one of the main problems that should be addressed. Our study demonstrates that people still need more education regarding earthquakes and the government should direct more attention to this issue.

Keywords: Mass Casualty, Earthquakes, Cumulative Trauma Disorders

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education: This study evaluated earthquake injuries to help in future planning.

Please cite this paper as: Elmi A, Ganjpour Sales J, Tabrizi A, Soleimanpour J, Mohseni MA. Orthopedic Injuries Following the East Azerbaijan Earthquake. Trauma Mon. 2013;18(1):3-7. DOI: 10.5812/traumamon.8322

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Submitted: 25 Sep 2012
Revised: 14 Oct 2012
Accepted: 26 Nov 2012
First published online: 26 May 2013
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