Logo-tm
Trauma Mon. 2016;21(4): e37585.
doi: 10.5812/traumamon.37585
PMID: 28180125
PMCID: PMC5282930
Scopus id: 84989820250
  Abstract View: 136
  PDF Download: 148

Research Article

Relationship Between Air Pollution, Weather, Traffic, and Traffic-Related Mortality

Maryam Dastoorpoor 1, Esmaeil Idani 2, Narges Khanjani 3 * , Gholamreza Goudarzi 4, Abbas Bahrampour 5

1 Neurology Research Center, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, IR Iran
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran
3 Environmental Health Engineering Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, IR Iran
4 Air Pollution and Respiratory Diseases Research Center, Environmental Technologies Research Center (ETRC), Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran
5 Modeling in Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health Kerman Univesity of Medical Sciences Kerman, IR Iran
* Corresponding author: Narges Khanjani, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Public Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, IR Iran. Tel: +98-03431325102, E-mail: Email: n_khanjani@kmu.ac.ir

Abstract

Background: Air pollution and weather are just two of many environmental factors contributing to traffic accidents (RTA).

Objectives: This study assessed the effects of these factors on traffic accidents and related mortalities in Ahvaz, Iran.

Methods: In this ecological study, data about RTA, traffic-relatedmortalities, air pollution (including NO, CO, NO2, NOx PM10, SO2, and O3 rates) and climate data from March 2008 until March 2015 was acquired from the Khuzestan State Police Force, the Environmental Protection Agency and the State Meteorological Department. Statistical analysis was performed with STATA 12 through both crude and adjusted negative binomial regression methods.

Results: There was a significant positive correlation between increase in the monthly average temperature, the number of rainy days, and the number of frost days with the number of RTA (P < 0.05). Increased monthly average relative humidity, evaporation, and number of sunny days were negatively correlated with the frequency of RTA (P < 0.05). We also observed an inverse significant correlation between monthly average relative humidity, evaporation, and wind speed with traffic accident mortality (P < 0.05). Some air pollutants were negatively associated with the incidence rate of RTA.

Conclusions: It appears that some weather variables were significantly associated with increased RTA. However, increased levels of air pollutants were not associated with increased rates of RTA and/or related mortalities. Additional studies are recommended to explore this topic in more detail.

Keywords: Air Pollution, Weather, Traffic Accidents, Mortality
First name
 
Last name
 
Email address
 
Comments
 
Security code


Article Viewed: 136

Your browser does not support the canvas element.


PDF Downloaded: 148

Your browser does not support the canvas element.

Submitted: 04 Mar 2016
Revised: 01 May 2016
Accepted: 31 May 2016
First published online: 22 Aug 2016
EndNote EndNote

(Enw Format - Win & Mac)

BibTeX BibTeX

(Bib Format - Win & Mac)

Bookends Bookends

(Ris Format - Mac only)

EasyBib EasyBib

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Medlars Medlars

(Txt Format - Win & Mac)

Mendeley Web Mendeley Web
Mendeley Mendeley

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Papers Papers

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

ProCite ProCite

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Reference Manager Reference Manager

(Ris Format - Win only)

Refworks Refworks

(Refworks Format - Win & Mac)

Zotero Zotero

(Ris Format - FireFox Plugin)