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Trauma Mon. 2017;22(3): e31601.
doi: 10.5812/traumamon.31601

Scopus id: 85025171003
  Abstract View: 21
  PDF Download: 71

Research Article

Quality of Work Life and Its Related Factors: A Survey of Nurses

Zohreh Sadat 1, Mohammad Sadegh Aboutalebi 2 * , Negin Masoudi Alavi 1

1 Trauma Nursing Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, IR Iran
2 Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, IR Iran
Corresponding author: Mohammad Sadegh Aboutalebi, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, IR Iran. Tel: +98-3155540021, Fax: +98-3155546633, E-mail: Email: ms_aboutalebi@yahoo.com

Abstract

Background: Improving the quality of work life (QWL) is a comprehensive process essential to attracting and retaining employees, especially in health care.

Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to determine quality of nursing work life and its related factors at nurses Kashan city hospitals in 2014.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 157 ICU nurses from September to November, 2014 at 4 educational hospitals of Kashan, Iran. A three part questionnaire was used in this study: demographic and professional characteristics, quality of nursing work life (QNWL), and the national aeronautics and space administration task load index (NASA-TLX). Data were analyzed using the t-test, the Mann-Whitney U test, and the chi square and Fisher’s exact test with SPSS software, version 16.

Results: The majority of the participants (N = 112) were female (83.3%), and the mean age of the subjects was 33 ± 6.98 years. Age, education, job position, job location, and a second nursing job in another hospital were found to predict QNWL. Among the six subscales of NASA-TLX, frustration and mental demand had the lowest and highest rating score, respectively. Temporal demand, frustration, and effort levels were significantly correlated with QNWL.

Conclusions: It is necessary to pay more attention to the QNWL and its related factors, especially nursing workload, to improve quality of care.

Keywords: Nurses, Critical Care, Quality of Life, Workload
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Submitted: 17 Jul 2015
Revised: 24 Oct 2015
Accepted: 02 Feb 2016
First published online: 02 Aug 2016
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