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Trauma Mon. 2014;19(4): e17926.
doi: 10.5812/traumamon.17926
PMID: 25717449
PMCID: PMC4310160
Scopus id: 84908878564
  Abstract View: 142
  PDF Download: 130

Research Article

Prevalence of Low Back Pain Among Nurses: Predisposing Factors and Role of Work Place Violence

Maryam Rezaee 1, Mohammad Ghasemi 2 *

1 Trauma Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
2 Health Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
Corresponding author: Mohammad Ghasemi, Health Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran. Tel/Fax: +98-2188600062, Email: mghmed@ yahoo.com

Abstract

Background: Ergonomic factors predispose nurses to low back pain (LBP). Few studies have clarified the role of workplace violence in LBP occurrence.

Objectives: The present study was designed to investigate acute and chronic LBP in Iranian nurses and its association with exposure to physical violence as well as its personal and ergonomic risk factors.

Materials and Methods: In this analytical cross sectional study, the rate of acute and chronic LBP and contributing factors were investigated among 1246 nurses using a validated questionnaire. Statistical analysis was performed by chi square, student t-test, and logistic regression, to determine the association between independent variables and LBP.

Results: In total, 1246 nurses, consisting of 576 (46.23%) males and 670 (53.77%) females, were included. The mean age and the mean years of employment were 31.23 ± 5.33 and 16.18 ± 7.05, respectively. Both acute low back pain and chronic low back pain were associated with physical violence experience. Moreover, acute and chronic LBP were predicted by positive past history of LBP as well as two ergonomic factors, frequent bending and frequent carrying of patients.

Conclusions: Besides a history of low back pain and ergonomic factors, physical violence may be considered a contributing factor for acute low back injuries. Special attention to all personal, occupational, and psychological risk factors is recommended.

Keywords: Low Back Pain, Nurses, Workplace Violence, Risk Factors
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Submitted: 29 Jan 2014
Revised: 19 Feb 2014
Accepted: 03 May 2014
First published online: 17 Sep 2014
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